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Old 11-22-2014, 10:17 AM   #2 (permalink)
Dent
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Mental properties to the left of me, physical properties to the right.

Definitions

Substance Dualism - There are two kinds of substances each with their own distinct properties; the physical and the mental.

Property Dualism - There are two kinds of properties, mental and physical of a single higher substance.
2. property dualism - i.e. experience in its most primitive form is "attached", in some poorly understood sense, to physical properties as normally understood.

Monism - There is only one kind of substance, this may be mental (idealism) or physical (physicalism).

Reductive Physicalism - There is only one kind of stuff and that is the physical. We can explain mental phenomena by reducing them down to their physical components.

Non-reductive Physicalism - There is only one kind of stuff and that is physical. We can explain mental phenomena in physicalist terms without reducing them down to their physical components.

Epiphenomenalism - Mental and physical are separate substances but mental phenomena are simply bi-products of physical phenomena. They play no causal role in the system (like exhaust from a car) and hence don't break the laws of physics.

Emergentism - Mental states emerge with new properties over and above the properties of the parts producing it - 'the whole is more than the sum of its parts'.

There’s also Russelian (His name stuck on this one) Monism - that the intrinsic nature of reality is neither mental nor physical
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